Amsterdam takes its name from the Armstel River springing from the south-east of the city and flowing into the North Sea. Turning out as the most crowded city, with a population of nearly 750.000, of Netherland, Amsterdam is the capital of the country although the Netherland government holds state in the Hague.
Amsterdam has an excellent public transport network including trams, busses, metros and ferries. It's a very easy and affordable way to navigate the city. Also, Amsterdam is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities of the world. It is a pleasure to stroll around the city on foot or by renting a bicycle.
Because Amsterdam is one of the world's most popular tourist destinations, it has no shortage of options for accommodation. These are some of the more stylish hotels in Amsterdam: InterContinental Amstel Amsterdam, De L'Europe Amsterdam, Waldorf Astoria Amsterdam, Conservatorium Hotel, Petit Prince, Andaz Amsterdam Prinsengracht. For people who want mid-range hotels: Sunhead of 1617, Orlando, Hotel Van Onna, Hotel Bellington, The Exchange, Hotel V, Seven Bridges Hotel. And for tourists operating on a budget: Anco Hotel, Hotel Hortus, easyHotel Amsterdam, Tourist Inn, Hotel The Globe, Hotel Mevlana.
The leading tourist attractions are the museums, more than fifty, within the borders of the city. Van Gogh Museum, Rijksmuseum and Stedelijk Museums are the most popular ones visited by hundred thousands of visitors ever year. Rijksmuseum among them is the largest museum of the city in the sense that the enormity of its collections, the extent of its complex, its budget and its staff of 400 people is not something easily encountered. Artis Zoo at the center of the city is the oldest zoo in Amsterdam established in 1838. It is pretty a fascinating zoo with an area of 10.000 m2. There are almost 8000 animals of 700 species of animals in the zoo. Hortus Botanicus, Vondelpark, Westerkerk Church, Oude Kerk Church, Begijnhof Garden, Magere Bridge and Dam Square are all only small fractions of the magnificient atmosphere of the city.
Amsterdam is an unprecedented location for any explorer or shopper. Neighborhoods, diverse city shops and urban sports stores are at your service all times. In addition, many roads closed to cars provide jaunty shopping. All the department stores and malls are near the Dam Square. If you are a famous brands fan you should go to De Bijenk. De Bijenkof including up-market luxury departments is the best choice for shopping. It is the biggest department store of the city that you should not miss. Kalverton Shopping Center located at the back of Kalverstraat (the main shopping street of the city) sells famous brands, general goods, cosmetics, watches, musical goods and more. Bonneterie, Magna Plaza, Metz&Co are among the many other large shopping centers of Amsterdam. Eastern Docklends, Jordaan, Straatjes, Westerpark, Westergasfabriek ve De Pijp all are the places containing shops of traditional, local and international alternatives, boutiques and more.
As a cosmopolitan city, Amsterdam harbors an excessively diverse demography. The inhabitants enjoy quite different backgrounds, art and culture. Actually, the city regard this condition as a positive reflection of social and urban development. Arts, sports and night life are the integral parts of life in Amsterdam. Cinemas, theaters (14.000 theatre performances every year), contemporary art and design reflect the intellectual life you will encounter in Amsterdam. The modern city is regarded as sports capital. Live music, especially classical music and opera, is a tradition in Summer. It is the sound emerging from the colorful living in the city. Leidseplein is one of nightlife centers of Amsterdam including theatres, lots of cafes, restaurants, cinemas, the casino, the Lido theatre with live entertainment. Paradiso and Melkgew music centers are at Leidesplein.