New Delhi, the capital of India, is a city that you never tire of discovering. It is the industrial, political, social and cultural hub of the country. The capital city of India was moved from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911.

    New Delhi, the capital of India, is a city that you never tire of discovering. It is the industrial, political, social and cultural hub of the country. The capital city of India was moved from Calcutta to Delhi in 1911. Delhi, with a history of 5000 years, was made the capital city of various dynasties and rebuilt for a total of 7 times. A new city project was made for the south of Delhi in 1920s. Edwin Lutyens, one of the most important architects of the 20th century, designed this new city and the capital city was moved once again from Delhi to New Delhi. New Delhi is the eighth city built in this region. India was under British rule until 1947; New Delhi was the first capital and governmental headquarters of the newly independent country. New Delhi, which is known for its wide boulevards –with trees in both sides- and its modern houses, and Delhi have a total population of over 17 million people as of 2006. The cities, Old and New Delhi, are percieved as one city and together called Delhi in India. New Delhi is set next to the Yamuna River, which is located in the north part of the country. In the city ,which has a temperate climate, while the temperature goes down to 7 degrees Celcius in December and January –the coldest months-, it goes up to 40 degrees Celcius in June and July-the hottest months. You will encounter Hindu, Muslim and British influences sometimes in the architecture, and sometimes in everyday customs.

    Indira Gandhi International Airport is situated in Palam, 16 km (9.9 mi) from New Delhi city centre. The Delhi Airport Metro Express (DAME) connects the airport with the central part of New Delhi. The Delhi Metro is one of the fastest way to commute in Delhi. You can use the metro system to avoid busy traffic. Taxis and rickshaws are also convenient for tourists.

    New Delhi has a multitude of boutique and deluxe hotels. There are many choices of accommodation in the city. Head for the districts of Connaught Place, Pahargani, Karol Bagh, Chandni Chowk and their surroundings if you wish to stay in the centre. Some of the upscale hotels are : Taj Palace Hotel, The Leela Palace, The Oberoi, The Imperial Hotel, Shanti Home, The Lodhi, Hotel Sunstar Residency, ITC Maurya, Le Meridien, Hyatt Regency Delhi, Shangri-La's Eros Hotel, Crowne Plaza Today New Delhi Okhla, Maidens Hotel, Sheraton New Delhi, Radisson Blu Plaza Delhi, The Grand New Delhi. If you prefer low priced accommodation you can stay at Wood Castle Grand, Hotel Eternity, Hotel Hill Palace, bloomrooms @ Link Rd, Suncourt Hotel Yatri, Hotel Sunstar Heritage, Hotel SunStar Grand, Hotel Shimla Heritage or Hotel City Star.

    The Seven Delhis that existed before New Delhi, start from the west of Red Fort and continue as ruins. The Kashmiri Gate is located at the northern end. Also there is a monument in Sabzi Mandi –to the west of the Kashmiri Gate-that is dedicated to the Englishmen that have died in the war there. Chandni Chowk is the colorful main street of Old Delhi. Here, there is always a crowded, busy and chaotic atmosphere, unlike the orderly, open and wide streets of New Delhi. Red Fort and Jama Masjid are located, opposite to each other, on the two ends of Chandni Chowk. Red Fort is named after stones that are called Lal Qila in Hindi (Lal: red, Qila: fort). Many volunteering guides and traveling salesmen welcome visitors to the fortress that was built under the orders of the Mughal ruler Shah Jahan. Usually, fairs with acrobats, illusionists, and magicians are organized in front of the fortress. The entrance to the fortress is filled with souvenir shops. When you get past the crowd, you reach a whole new world with wide gardens and a peaceful, serene environment. The Yamuna River flows behind the fortress. After you get into Red Fort, you can see the gate Lahore, Diwan-i Aam where the emperor listened to the complaints and suggestions of the public, Diwan-i Has where the emperor entertained his private guests, and the Royal Bath. Jama Masjid, meaning “Friday Mosque”, is the largest mosque in India and the masterpiece of the architectural work of Shah Jahan. The masjid which has a courtyard with the capacity of 25 thousand people, three large entrance gates, four towers, and two 40 meter high minarets, was built in 1658. Raj Ghat is the spot where Mahatma Gandhi was cremated following his assassination in 1948. Ghat is now a park densely covered with trees. You can see the names of the famous people who have planted the individual trees. Jantar Mantar (Yantra Mandir) was built as an observatory by Maharaja Jai Singh II of Jaipur in 1725. It is easy to get to, because of its proximity to Connaught Place. The monumental sun dial located works with such sensitivity that it can count even seconds. The devices that calculate solar and lunar eclipses, shows the orbits of stars, and observe the passing of souls meant for heaven were constructed side by side. Firoz Shah Kotla: Only ruins and remains and the famous Ashoka column have reached our time from the palace that is named after Firoz Shah Tughluq, the 5th founder of Delhi -which was rebuilt for a total of 8 times. India Gate, the 42 meter tall gate made of stones and symbolizing victory, is located on the eastern end of the road to the parliament called Raj Path. The names of every single Indian soldier that gave their lives in the First World War and the battles in Afganistan are engraved on the monument. Rashtrapati Bhavan, the official residence of the President of the Republic of India, was built in 1929. Its building resembs a palace and its Mughal gardens are laed on 130 hectares of land. Qutub Minar is the minaret which was built in 1193 in for victory of Muslims defeating the last Hindi king in Delhi. It is 73 meters in height, 15 meters in bottom diameter, and 2.5 meters in top diameter. In the five story minaret, the first floor was made of red bricks, the fourth and fifth were made of marble. Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque is one of the popular mosques in India. Qutub-id Din, the first ruler of the Slave Dynasty, had completed the construction of this mosque in 1193. Throughout the centuries after that, numerous additions and extensions were made to the mosques. The architecture of the mosque reflect Hindi and Jain influences. Iron Pillar of Delhi was put here by the Hindi King Chandra Varman in the 5th century AD. The mysteries of how and with what kind of a technology this iron pillar was made so perfectly and how it is that no rusting happened in the two thousand years of existence could not be solved. Lotus Temple, one of the 7 Bahai temples built all around the world, is in Tughlakabad, New Delhi. The Bahai temples are constructed in architectural styles reflecting the cultural characteristics of individual regions. That is the reason why the temple in Delhi has the shape of the lotus flower.

    There is nothing you cannot find in New Delhi. From electronics to textile, from local handcrafts to book, from foods to antiques, you may shop for anything in almost every street. No matter what they say about prices being fixed, bargaining is done. Most of the shops are open until eight in the evening. The city’s major shopping mall located in downtown Delhi, is where you can find more luxury and western merchandise. TDI Mall, Lajpat Nagar Pacific Mall, and Anand Vihar are big shopping malls. You can purchase local products in unique Indian bazaar Chandni Chowk, which is considered to be the heart of Old Delhi consisting of very small shops and narrow streets. The underground bazaar located under Connaught Place, in which electronics are sold is called Palika.

    The festivals organised throughout the year are the greatest entertainment for the people in New Delhi. The first that come to mind are the Diwali Light Festival, the International Mango Festival, Republic Day and the Delhi International Art Festival. The Bhai Dooj Festival in October or November is celebrated a day after the Festival of Diwali with the arrival of the new moon. We suggest to delete this as it does not fits with the surrounding text and it is unclear what is being referred to. Head for the Shri Ram Centre, India International Centre, Habitat World Centre IHC and Epicenter to view the dance and music shows in traditional costume. There are a lot of large and important history, art, and handicrafts museums. A lot of historical artifacts of India can be seen in the National Museum located in Janpath. Here, various artifacts from historical remains dating back to the 2nd and 3rd centuries BC and handcrafts of the Vijayanagar region to local clothing of different tribes and artifacts from the British era. This museum is a must-see in Delhi. Indira Gandhi Memorial Museum is the house where Indira Gandhi lived and also used as an office. Gandhi was in this house when she was assassinated by her bodyguards. Gandhi’s personal belongings and her footprints on the spot where she was assassinated are displayed. The personal belongings, life, struggle of the first prime minister of independent India, J. Nehru, are displayed in Nehru Museum. Here, an audio laser show is organized during tourist season.




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