THE FAIRYTALE CITY OF MIDDLE AGES!
Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic is one of the world's most beautiful and touristic cities. Prague's historical center is under UNESCO protection and is listed as a National Heritage site. Prague is known as The "Golden City," "Fairy Tale City," "City of 100 towers," "City of Bridges," "Mother of Cities," and "the Heart of Europe", and brings visitors right back to the Medieval Europe.
The Václav Havel Prague Airport is about 20km in the northwest of the city and the easiest and most comfortable (as well as most expensive) way to get there is by taxi (650-850 CZK). If you make a reservation for return tickets with AAA Taxi then you get 20% off the return price. Some companies (Among them (Transfer-Service, Transfer Prague, and CabinPrague) offers transfer services (500-600 CZK). Make your reservations online before arriving in Prague. Another way to get to the city center is to use the shuttle services. The cheapest of these services is the Prague Airport Shuttle (290 CZK). The Cedaz buses that operate from 7:30am to 7:00pm go to V. Celnici Avenue in the city center. (130 CZK). The cheapest way to get to the airport is the Airport Express buses (60 CZK) or to use the PID public transportation vehicles. Prague has quite a highly functioning public transportation system. Included in PID (Prague Integrated Transport) are buses, metros, trams, the cable cars up to Petrin Hill, and the ferries that operate on the Vltava River. You can buy tickets that are valid for every kind of public transportation (and 50% off for children) for 30 minutes (24 CZK), 90 minutes (32 CZK), 120 minutes (40 CZK), 24 hours (110 CZK), or 3 days (310 CZK).
The city center includes some luxury hotels, hotels for all other budgets, hostels and apartments. Because the public transportation is so good it may also make sense to stay in places outside the city center. Prices during high tourist season between April and October can be up to twice as high as in other months. Some of the luxury hotels in the city include: Four Seasons, Mandarin Oriental, Aria Hotel, Golden Well (U Zlate Studne), Alchymist Prague Castle Suites, Ventana Hotel, Alchymist Nosticova Palace, The Augustine Hotel Prague, Hotel Residence Agnes, Hotel 16, Hotel Pod Vezi and Prague City Apartments Residence Karolina. If you're looking for more hotels priced for more mid-level budgets then Arcadia Residence, Hotel General, Unitas Hotel, Maximilian Hotel, Domus Henrici Boutique Hotel, Questenberk Hotel, Hotel Residence Retezova or Louren Hotel are good options. The best options for cheap accommodation include the Hostel Prague Tyn, Hostel Franz Kafka, Little Town Budget Hotel and Hostel Nekazanka.
The entirety of the Old City which is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Included is the Old Town Square at Stare Mesto, Tyn Church, Old Town Municipal Building (Staromestská radnica), the Astronomical Clock; Small city / Mala Strana Karel Bridge (Karluv most), St. Nicholas Cathedral, Wallenstein Palace Gardens, and Petrin Tower. Things to see in the castle district of Hradcany include Prague Castle, St. Vitus Cathedral, St. George's Basilica, the Lobkowicz Palace and Loreta. In the Jewish Quarter of Josefov there's the Spanish Jewish Cemetary and Staronova, Maisel, and Spanelska Sinanogue. Also Vysehrad Castle, Powder Tower, Wenceslas (Vaclavske) Square and Monument, Dancing House (Tančící dum), Prague Zoo, Strahov Monastery and some of the major museums are great. Depending on interest levels, the Franz Kafka Museum, Mucha Museum, the National (Narodni) Museums, the KGB Museum Communism Museum, and the Jewish Museum are all worth a visit. Things like the Prague Card, Welcome Card TVCzechia®, and Prague Pass can make entrance into all tourist locations cheaper.
Some of the local goods made in Prague that you can take back home with you include crystal glassware, wooden toys, dolls, jewelry products (made with Czech garnets), jewelery (imitation pearls, diamonds, etc.), traditional handicraft products, local beers, Czech wafers, and Becherovka herbal liqueur. Prague has many shopping centers, local markets and souvenir shops. If you want to visit a major mall then Nový Smíchov or Palladium are the best options. If you are looking for outlets then Moda Arena is your best bet, and if you like local markets then go to Havelské trziste or Prazská trznice. For Bohemian crystal Artel and Moser are good, for Bohemian garnet stone go to Granát Turnov, for wooden toys and handmade skin care products then go to Manufaktura crafts, and for vintage clothing go to Prague Fashion Museum & Vintage Shop.
The most enjoyable things to do in the city are really just to wander the streets aimlessly, hang out in its squares, catch a drink in the city's cafes and pubs, or listen to the street musicians. If you want then you can discover the city by bike or take a row boat out on the Vltava River or join a boat tour. Looking out over the city from Petrin Hill is also fantastic. Black Light Theatre (černé divadlo) is also quite famous in the Czech Republic. Music, dance, pantomime, animated films and special effects all create the effects of illusion in this type of theater. Some examples include Laterna Magika, All Colours of Theater, Image and Ta Fantastika. If you're interested in Opera, ballet or classical music then you're in the right city! Composers like Mozart, Tchaikovsky, and Haydn visited regularly and Prague is the birthplace of Dvorak and Smetana. The National Theater (Narodni divadlo) or City Hall (Obecní dům) have the city's most important performances. Prague is one of Europe's most important cultural centers and as a result it has many festivals and events over the course of the year. The Prague Autumn International Music Festival, FEBIOFEST (film festival), Karlovy Vary International Film Festival, the Prague Writers' Festival, the Prague International Organ Festival, and the World Roma Festival are just some of the events organized in the city over the course of the year.