JERUSALEM OF THE BALKANS!
Surrounded by mountains and situated around the Miljacka River, Sarajevo is the capital and the most populous city of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The capital is the economic, administrative, cultural, educational and sport center of the country. Sarajevo is famous for its religious and cultural diversity.
The airport is located about 6km (4 miles) southwest of Sarajevo city centre. Metered cabs operate from immediately outside the terminal. The center of Sarajevo is served by a spinal tram network which makes a counter clockwise loop around the central district. This tram network opened in the mid-1870s and was the first a full-time operational electric tram line in Europe.
Sarajevo has a wide choice of hotels that range from simple 1-star establishments to luxurious 5-star international. Some of the upscale hotels are : Hotel Central Sarajevo, Hotel Bristol Sarajevo, Hotel Europe Sarajevo, Radon Plaza Hotel, City Boutique Hotel, Residence Inn By Marriott Sarajevo and Hollywood Hotel Sarajevo. If you are looking for a medium priced hotel you can check out the Garni Hotel Konak, Hotel Old Town, Astra Hotel, Hotel Hecco, Hotel Hayat, Pansion Harmony. If you prefer low priced accommodation you can stay at Pansion Stari Grad, Hostel Posillipo, Guest house Markale, Hotel Telal, Guest House Rose or Ada Hotel.
Ali Pasha's Mosque (Alipašina džamija) built in 1561 is one of the splendid mosques with its cupola. The Emperor's Mosque (Careva džamija) and Gazi Husref-bey's Mosque (Gazi Husrefbegova džamija) are among the other fundamental cultural and religious monuments of the city. The Town Hall (Gradska vijećnica) officially opened in 1896 is a fantastic architectural structure from the Austro-Hungarian Period. The Orthodox Cathedral constructed by Anreja Damjanovic between 1863 and 1868 is one of the biggest Orthodox cathedrals in the Balkan Region. With its three-naved architecture, the interior walls of the church are garnished via painted ornaments. Sarajevo Cathedral is another crucial religious monument carrying Romanesque and Gothic styles. The Old Jewish Temple built in 1581 is a historical synagogue with an Inn called the Great Courtyard. This courtyard served to the Sarajevo Jews. Sebilj Fountain placed at Baščaršija is the only structure of its type in the city. The Sebilj was built in 1891. Botanical Garden of the National Museum located at the center of the city is a component of the National Museum. Residing on an area of 14.270 m2, the garden is home to 2.000 plant species.
The city's Old Town is the main place for souvenirs. Brass Alley in the Old Town is filled with small metal ware shops and sellers of local products. Bascarsjia which is the Turkish section of Sarajevo is home to a bazaar selling metal works, jewelery and pottery. Each street of this location is for a different kind of city crafts. Gazi Husref-bey's covered market building (Gazi Husrefbegov bezistan) with a length of 109 meters is another significant market of the city.
Sarajevo National Theater established in 1921 is home to a great deal of performances including drama, ballet, opera, music and night programs. Sarajevo Opera House and Sarajevo Ballet stage their best productions under the roof of this cultural and theatrical center. Lunched in 1995, Sarajevo Film Festival is one of the most significant organizations in the Balkans with respect to the film sector. Festival hosts the best selections from the world cinematography. The mountains surrounding the city are eligible for winter sports, especially for skiing.